Bedbugs come from the cimicidae family, this family is thought to have around one hundred different species of insects. The human blood sucking species is the most common but there are some species that prefer to feed from bats and poultry. Some species also prefer warmer tropical climates.
How do bedbugs look like?
The appearance of these insects varies depending on how old it is. They start off life as light colored, clear insects when they are first hatched and as they grow older, their color changes to a darker brown. When they are fully grown they usually measure about five millimeters in length and three millimeters wide. They have a flat, oval appearance, are wingless and are usually reddish brown in color. They are very tiny and will usually not grow anymore then 1/4 of an inch long.
The bed bug can spread fast, as females can produce around 500 eggs in her life time. Think that is scary? It only takes the nymphs around a month to fully mature, so infestations can spread quick if they are not tended to immediately.
Bed bugs target mostly humans that are in a deep sleep, and once they start sucking your blood it can take anywhere from 1-3 minutes. Most of the time you will not even feel it when it is happening.
Besides people, bed begs also will make meals out of your pets if you have them. Birds, cats and dogs are primary targets as well.
Bed bugs leave a mark when they are finished feeding. So if you arise to being covered with insect bites, that could indicate a pretty strong infestation. The best thing to do is to treat the insect bites with a antibiotic cream, itching can just spread the rash.
By piercing the skin of their hosts, the bedbugs secrete saliva which carries chemicals that stop the blood from clotting and also act as a anesthetic. The insects have two tubes one of which they use to inject the saliva into the human and the other one they use to suck the blood from their host. They normally feed continuously for around five minutes and then return to a hiding place, the insects normally come out of hiding about once or twice a week to feed, but can survive for many months without food.
It is usually many hours later before the human realizes they have been bitten, due to the fact that it takes time for the body to react to the chemicals that have been injected through the saliva. Usually the bites appear as a rash that the hosts feel like scratching. Sometimes, usually in rare cases, the human can develop an allergic reaction to the bites and become very ill.
There are products available on the market that help to deal with the effects of the bites, taking the overwhelming urge to scratch away. The products also have properties that fight the spread of infection from scratching. Available in spray, lotion and creams, these products offer vital relief from the burning sensation left by the bites. Oral medication is also available for those who take a bad reaction to the chemicals.
You may see signs of bedbugs on bed sheets, these could be blood spots or traces of feces. Regular vacuuming of the home, including vacuuming the mattresses should help to prevent an infestation of these insects. If you should be unlucky enough to find these insects in your home then it is probably best to call in experts to exterminate the home. If you do find them in your home and you have pets, the pets also have to be treated as the insects could be living in the animals coats.
Suffering a bedbugs infestation is bad news for everyone; they spread like wildfire, suck your blood leaving small red, itchy bite marks on your skin. To successfully eradicate them you have to be very thorough and methodically work your way through the infested area, if you miss any, then you will probably have to repeat it all again in a few months time. Save yourself the expense of getting in a pest control company to do the job.
Here are some tips on how you can get rid of bed bugs effectively and economically:
Identify the source
The first thing you need to do is identify where the problem is coming from. Strip off all bedding and check the mattress over for any live bugs or eggs, also search inside the seams. You are likely to see tiny blood stains on the mattress as bed bugs suck your blood while you sleep. When checking it's important also to look at the areas around the bed, such as the bed frame and headboard, skirting boards, wallpaper joints and any furniture next to the bed. Put all your bedding, including sheets, pillow cases, and duvet covers, in the washing machine on the hottest wash suitable.
The mattress will need to be sprayed all over to ensure no eggs or insects are left. It's possible to find bed bug killer spray that is lethal to insects but causes no harm to people and leaves no stains or smell.
Use of special mattress covers
Special mattress covers can be purchased to protect against bed bugs; they help to protect the bugs from spreading and the infestation from getting out of control. You can find them for sale online; they are also suitable for dust mites, mold, and bacteria. A mattress cover will prevent you from having to waste time and money on throwing out your old mattress when it can merely be treated and covered.
Using electrical products for pest control is emerging as a popular method. They are favored by householders due to their simplicity of use and removing the need for sprays, powders or any other chemicals. Safe to use, they can be effective against all kinds of pests and are powered from the mains or battery operated.
The internet has a wealth of information on DIY pest control of bed bugs and other insects; it can also help you to identify them and provide tips and advice on how to tackle the problem yourself.